Refugee Camp. Settlement was established in 1996 following an influx of Liberian refugees fleeing conflict. Following the closure of Klikor Camp in Volta Region, Togolese refugees were relocated from the Volta Region in 1997 and 1998. From 2000 to 2002, Sierra Leoneans fleeing conflict in their home country were also sent to Krisan.
Krisan is also home to Sudanese refugees who began arriving in Ghana from late 2004 and a mixed range of other nationalities, including Congolese (DRC and Congo Brazzaville), Rwandans, Chadians and Ivorians. As with all camps in Ghana, the Krisan Settlement is managed by the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO) staff seconded to Ghana Refugee Board.
Krisan is a remote, rural community located approximately 48 Kilometers from the Ghana-Ivory Coast border town of Elubo. It is situated in the Ellembelle District of the Western Region of Ghana about 2 kilometers from Eikwe, and a kilometer away from Sanzule. Krisan has an estimated population of 1,500 people majority of whom are of the Nzema tribe. The people of Krisan are ruled by a chief, but they are under the jurisdiction of the Atuabo Paramouncy
Krisan has a community school, but does not have a health center therefore they have to rely on the Saint Martin De Porres Catholic Hospital located in nearby Eikwe. The residents of Krisan are mainly farmers, with raffia being the major crop of economic importance. In recent times, the ongoing Ghana Gas Pipeline Project has injected a lot of alternative employment and economic activities in this area. The people of Krisan are very hospitable, and have been living in peace with the refugees in the Krisan Camp since 1996.
Refugee Camp. was established on 19th March, 2011 and it is located in the Ellembelle District of the Western Region of Ghana. It was the first of three camps established to shelter displaced Ivorians fleeing the hostilities following the November 2010 presidential elections.
The current population of the camp is made up primarily of Ivorian Nationals with a little over 1% being other nationals who were in Cote d’Ivoire at the time of the crisis. Administratively, Ampain is divided into A & B with each area having 45% and 55% of the population respectively.
As with all camps in Ghana, the Ampain Camp is managed by the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO) staff seconded to the Ghana Refugee Board. The camp has one police post; nine Ghana Police Service officers and one fire officer are stationed in the camp and are rotated on a monthly basis. The security situation in the camp remains calm with occasional incidents which are quickly responded to due to a close collaboration between camp management and the national security apparatus.
There is a 30 member refugee Neighborhood Watch Team (NEWAT) in place which supports the Police in ensuring security in the camp. Ampain is a small community located approximately 57 kilometers from the Ghana-Ivory Coast border town of Elubo. It is situated in the Ellembelle District of the Western Region of Ghana about 7 kilometers from Esiama, and 2 kilometers from Kamgbuli. It has an estimated population of 1,100 people with majority being of the Nzema tribe. The people of Ampain are ruled by a Chief, Nana Nyamke Frofre II who is an educationist by profession.
Ampain has a community school, comprising of a daycare, a primary and Junior High School. There is no health center, so Ampain residents access healthcare from the Esiama and Kamgbuli health centers, with major cases sent to the Saint Martin De Porres Hospital in Eikwe, approximately 13 Kilometers away.
The local population is traditionally fisher folk and small holder farmers, with rubber and cassava being the major crops of economic importance. In recent times however, the Ghana Gas Pipeline and ongoing road construction projects have injected a lot of alternative employment and economic activities in this area. These projects, coupled with the presence of several pockets of small scale mining activities have led to an increase in rent in the vicinity, with rooms which previously cost GHS 20.00 per month now going for GHS 50.00 per month.
The Government of Ghana considers the urban area a legitimate protection space where refugees can live and work; thus refugees are not restricted to the camps. Currently, the urban refugees and asylum seekers live in the Accra metropolitan area and surrounding areas. There is no refugee camp within the Accra metropolitan area. These refugees and asylum seekers come from countries such as Sudan, Togo and Ivory Coast, Benin, Cameroon, Congo, Somalia, Syria. The Ivorians are the biggest population in the urban areas due to the Ivorian influx in 2011.
New asylum seekers of various nationalities and persons affected by recent conflicts in countries such as Central Africa Republic, in the Darfur Region of Sudan, and in Syria continue to be received and registered by the Ghana Refugee Board. In the year 2013, a total number of 1,296 persons applied for asylum with the Ghana Refugee Board mainly in Accra.
The UNHCR Branch Office in Accra assists Ghana Refugee Board which has the overall responsibility for refugee management in Ghana to provide protection and assistance to urban refugees and Out-of-camp refugee populations such as the Togolese refugees in host communities in the Volta Region. Additional material support to refugees in the urban area and out-of-camp locations is ensured through UNHCR’s implementing partners, the Christian Council of Ghana and National Catholic Secretariat.
Refugee Camp. Egyeikrom Camp was opened by the Government of Ghana and the UNHCR on July 20, 2011 to serve as one of the camps hosting Ivorian Refugees in Ghana. As with all camps in Ghana, the Egyeikrom Camp is managed by the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO) staff seconded to the Ghana Refugee Board.
Egyeikrom is a rural community in the Central Region with a population of about 1,400 people, situated in the Komenda Edina Eguafo Abirem Constituency (KEEA) of the Central Region. The local community there are mainly into farming; growing oil palm, pineapple and acacia. The camp which occupies an area of about 53 acres has a combination of plastic tents and semi-permanent transitional shelters.