The Ministry of the Interior is mandated to ensure internal security, as well as the maintenance of law and order in the country. In collaboration with its Agencies, this task has been undertaken by providing an appreciable level of security over the past years. The successes attained in the socio-economic sphere of the nation and the realization of Government’s plans and programmes under the National Medium Term Development Plan and Millennium, Development Goals (MDG’s) could be attributed to the relatively safe and secure environment.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly.The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. It also has a mandate to help stateless people.
In more than five decades, the agency has helped tens of millions of people restart their lives. Today, a staff of some 6,600 people in more than 110 countries continues to help about 34 million persons.
In 1994, the UNHCR – also known as the UN Refugee Agency – was invited by the Ghanaian government to help co-ordinate the protection and provision of humanitarian assistance to thousands of refugees, as Ghana experienced its first major influx of refugees since its return to democratic governance.
The Ghana Refugee Act (P.N.D.C. Law) was enacted as part of Ghana’s constitution and provides a legal framework for the implementation of the 1969 OAU Convention. Under the Ghana Refugee Act, the Ghana Refugee Board was formed as the governmental arm responsible for ensuring the protection of refugees.